Cenata GmbH | Paul-Ehrlich-Str. 23 | D-72076 Tübingen | Tel. 07071 – 565 44 430 | Fax 07071 – 565 44 444

Cenata GmbH | Paul-Ehrlich-Str. 23 | D-72076 Tübingen | Tel. 07071 – 565 44 430 | Fax 07071 – 565 44 444

Information on X and Y chromosomal disorders

Reliable test.
Secure decision.
Reliable test.
Secure decision.
Reliable test.
Secure decision.

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Information on X and Y chromosomal disorders

The two sex chromosomes (X and Y) determine whether an individual is male or female. X and Y chromosomal disorders occur if there is a missing, extra or incomplete copy of a sex chromosome. The X,Y-Harmony® Test can be used to determine the risk of XXX, XYY, XXYY, XXY (Klinefelter syndrome) and monosomy X (Ullrich-Turner syndrome). These diseases differ greatly in their severity. The majority of those affected suffer, if at all, from minor mental or behavioural impediments and infertility123.

When deciding on the Harmony® Test option, you should be aware that the inclusion of sex-chromosomal disorders in the analysis (XY analysis) leads to a significant increase in the false positive rate. Whereas the total false positive rate for trisomy 21trisomy 18 and trisomy 13 is less than 0.1% (NEXT-Study 4), the XY analysis results in a false-positive rate of approximately 0.8%. This is primarily due to false positive results for monosomy X. Information about the biological cause underlying this phenomenon can be found in the publication of Russel and colleagues 5. If you want to find out the sex of your unborn child, you can chose the test option “trisomy 21, 18, 13 incl. determination of fetal sex”. With this option no genetic analysis of X and Y chromosomes is performed, therefore the false positive-rate is not increased in comparison to the test option “trisomy 21, 18 and 13 without XY analysis”.

If you are interested in the additional tests for sex chromosome disorders, please consult your physician to determine whether the test is suitable for your pregnancy.

Information on X and Y chromosomal disorders

The two sex chromosomes (X and Y) determine whether an individual is male or female. X and Y chromosomal disorders occur if there is a missing, extra or incomplete copy of a sex chromosome. The X,Y-Harmony® Test can be used to determine the risk of XXX, XYY, XXYY, XXY (Klinefelter syndrome) and monosomy X (Ullrich-Turner syndrome). These diseases differ greatly in their severity. The majority of those affected suffer, if at all, from minor mental or behavioural impediments and infertility123.

When deciding on the Harmony® Test option, you should be aware that the inclusion of sex-chromosomal disorders in the analysis (XY analysis) leads to a significant increase in the false positive rate. Whereas the total false positive rate for trisomy 21trisomy 18 and trisomy 13 is less than 0.1% (NEXT-Study 4), the XY analysis results in a false-positive rate of approximately 0.8%. This is primarily due to false positive results for monosomy X. Information about the biological cause underlying this phenomenon can be found in the publication of Russel and colleagues 5. If you want to find out the sex of your unborn child, you can chose the test option “trisomy 21, 18, 13 incl. determination of fetal sex”. With this option no genetic analysis of X and Y chromosomes is performed, therefore the false positive-rate is not increased in comparison to the test option “trisomy 21, 18 and 13 without XY analysis”.

If you are interested in the additional tests for sex chromosome disorders, please consult your physician to determine whether the test is suitable for your pregnancy.

Information on X and Y chromosomal disorders

The two sex chromosomes (X and Y) determine whether an individual is male or female. X and Y chromosomal disorders occur if there is a missing, extra or incomplete copy of a sex chromosome. The X,Y-Harmony® Test can be used to determine the risk of XXX, XYY, XXYY, XXY (Klinefelter syndrome) and monosomy X (Ullrich-Turner syndrome). These diseases differ greatly in their severity. The majority of those affected suffer, if at all, from minor mental or behavioural impediments and infertility123.

When deciding on the Harmony® Test option, you should be aware that the inclusion of sex-chromosomal disorders in the analysis (XY analysis) leads to a significant increase in the false positive rate. Whereas the total false positive rate for trisomy 21trisomy 18 and trisomy 13 is less than 0.1% (NEXT-Study 4), the XY analysis results in a false-positive rate of approximately 0.8%. This is primarily due to false positive results for monosomy X. Information about the biological cause underlying this phenomenon can be found in the publication of Russel and colleagues 5. If you want to find out the sex of your unborn child, you can chose the test option “trisomy 21, 18, 13 incl. determination of fetal sex”. With this option no genetic analysis of X and Y chromosomes is performed, therefore the false positive-rate is not increased in comparison to the test option “trisomy 21, 18 and 13 without XY analysis”.

If you are interested in the additional tests for sex chromosome disorders, please consult your physician to determine whether the test is suitable for your pregnancy.

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